[148] (viewable via YouTube), In 1995, the play In Pursuit of Justice: A One-Woman Play About Ida B. Wells", "Ida B Wells, African American Activist, Honored by Google", "Ida B. Her view of women's enfranchisement was pragmatic and political. About two years after Wells' grandmother, Peggy, had a stroke and her sister, Eugenia, died, Wells, at the invitation of an aunt in Memphis, Fanny Butler (née Fanny Wells; 1837–1908), with her two youngest sisters, moved in with her in 1883. "[87][88][89], Although Willard and her prominent supporter Lady Somerset were critical of Wells' comments, Wells was able to turn that into her favor, portraying their criticisms as attempts by powerful White leaders to "crush an insignificant colored woman. Her parents were slaves of an architect, Spires Bolling. [117], In 1941, the Public Works Administration (PWA) built a Chicago Housing Authority public housing project in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago; it was named the Ida B. The People's Grocery employees William Stewart and Calvin R. McDowell (1870–1892) saw the fight and rushed outside to defend the young Harris from the adult Hurst as people in the neighborhood gathered in to what quickly became a "racially charged mob". "[26], A White mob ransacked the Free Speech office, destroying the building and its contents. On July 13, 2019, a marker for her was dedicated in Mississippi, on the northeast corner of Holly Springs' Courthouse Square. Wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Wells was outspoken regarding her beliefs as a Black female activist and faced regular public disapproval, sometimes including from other leaders within the civil rights movement and the women's suffrage movement. Wells Looks to Erect Memorial", "Issues Honor Ida B. [134], In 2018, the National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened; it includes a reflection space dedicated to Wells, a selection of quotes by her, and a stone inscribed with her name. [120] Molefi Kete Asante included Wells on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans in 2002. She is an American Hero. [84] Like all suffragists she believed in women's right to vote, but she also saw enfranchisement as a way for Black women to become politically involved in their communities and to use their votes to elect African Americans, regardless of gender, to influential political offices. McDowell wrestled the gun away and fired at Barrett – missing narrowly. The film dramatizes a moment during the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 when Wells ignored instructions to march with the segregated parade units and crossed the lines to march with the other members of her Illinois chapter. But Calvin McDowell, who greeted Barrett, indicated that Stewart was not present. Following the end of the Civil War, her father, who as an enslaved person had been the carpenter on a plantation, was active in Reconstruction period politics in Mississippi. Ida Wells, the daughter of a carpenter, was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi, in 1862. National Women's Rights Convention (1850–1869), Women's suffrage organizations and publications, Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial, Centenary of Women's Suffrage Commemorative Fountain, List of lynching victims in the United States, William "Froggie" James and Henry Salzner, Thomas Moss, Henry Stewart, Calvin McDowell (TN), Thomas Harold Thurmond and John M. Holmes, Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act, The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, "The United States of Lyncherdom" (Twain), Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, American Heritage Picture History of the Civil War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ida_B._Wells&oldid=998721499, Activists for African-American civil rights, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, Articles with dead external links from October 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During slavery time, she noted that Whites worked to "repress and stamp out alleged 'race riots, She noted that Whites frequently claimed that Black men had "to be killed to avenge their assaults upon women". [6] Before the Emancipation Proclamation was issued, Wells' parents were enslaved to Spires Boling, an architect, and the family lived in the structure now called Bolling–Gatewood House, which has become the Ida B. Wells-Barnett Museum. She died on March 25, 1931, but still inspires people to fight for change. She was the eldest child of James Madison Wells (1840–1878) and Elizabeth "Lizzie" (Warrenton). [97], The prospect of passing the act, even one of partial enfranchisement, was the impetus for Wells and her White colleague Belle Squire to organize the Alpha Suffrage Club in Chicago on January 30, 1913. Journalist. [52] She was the first African-American woman to be a paid correspondent for a mainstream White newspaper. Wells is an African American civil rights advocate, journalist, and feminist. [78] After her death, the Ida B. Wells was a journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching campaign in the United States in the 1890s. If Southern men are not careful, a conclusion might be reached which will be very damaging to the moral reputation of their women. Even after marriage and motherhood, Ida Wells-Barnett continued her crusades. It was the only major White paper that persistently denounced lynching. Ida B. Wells committed herself to the needs of those who did not have power. With roots in the call for temperance and sobriety, the organization later became a powerful advocate of suffrage in the U.S. [65], Her establishment of Chicago's first kindergarten prioritizing Black children, located in the lecture room of the Bethel AME Church, demonstrates how her public activism and her personal life were connected; as her great-granddaughter Michelle Duster notes: "When her older children started getting of school age, then she recognized that black children did not have the same kind of educational opportunities as some other students .... And so, her attitude was, 'Well since it doesn't exist, we'll create it ourselves. Miss Barnett helped edit her mother's autobiography, Crusade for Justice: the Autobiography of Ida B. She was buried in Oak Woods Cemetery on Chicago's South Side. Wells Plaza". Wells Club went on to do many things. Parent University Session: Food and Financial Resources. The buildings were demolished in August 2011 due to changing demographics and ideas about such housing. [58] Thompson's play explores Wells as "a seminal figure in Post-Reconstruction America. Wells in Chicago in 1909 with her children: Charles, Herman, Ida and Alfreda In 2020, she won a Pulitzer Prize. But after a friend was killed by a mob of white people, Wells knew more had to be done. [48] Wells' Lasting Impact on Chicago Politics and Power", "18th Annual Ida B. Wells. Wells, had to say about the joys and burdens of bearing a famous ancestor’s legacy. Wherever she saw injustice against African Americans, she worked to set it right. Wells studied at Fisk University, Rust College Which company or organization was founded by Ida B. Her paternal grandmother, Peggy Wells (née Peggy Cheers; 1814–1887), along with other friends and relatives, stayed with her siblings and cared for them during the week while Wells was teaching.[10]. Impey, a Quaker abolitionist who published the journal Anti-Caste,[49] had attended several of Wells' lectures while traveling in America. She won her case on December 24, 1884, when the local circuit court granted her a $500 award. Wells committed herself to the needs of those who did not have power. CBN.com – Born July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi, Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a former slave who became a journalist and launched a virtual one-woman crusade against the vicious practice of lynching. Mayo was a well-known writer and poet who wrote under the name of Edward Garrett. In 1893 Wells and Willard travelled separately to Britain on lecture tours. Both were journalists, and both were established activists with a shared commitment to civil rights. Since then she has produced about 20 more books and about 3 children. Wells is the 25th African-American entry – and fourth woman African American – on a U.S. postage stamp. A White mob destroyed her newspaper office and presses as her investigative reporting was carried nationally in Black-owned newspapers. The railroad company appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Court, which reversed the lower court's ruling in 1887. (Catherine Meeks is the retired Clara Carter Acree Distinguished Professor of Socio-Cultural Studies at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia, and director of the Absalom Jones Center for Racial Healing. She was a spokeswoman and an advocate for women being successful in the workplace, having  equal opportunities, and creating a name for themselves. Though both her parents were slaves, the Emancipation was declared by Abraham Lincoln six months after Ida was born. Frederick Douglass praised her work: "You have done your people and mine a service ... What a revelation of existing conditions your writing has been for me. Wells Plaza' Banner Where a Statue of Edward Carmack Stood Before It Was Toppled by Protesters", "Birmingham Blue Plaque Unveiled to Commemorate Civil Rights Activist Ida B. Wells Day in the State of Illinois. Wells: A Figure of Resistance in American Popular Culture", Frances Willard House Museum and Archives, "Women Subjects on United States Postage Stamps", "African American Subjects on United States Postage Stamps", "Truth-Telling: Frances Willard and Ida B. Ida B. Wells Women’s Club and Alpha Suffrage Club, the first suffrage club for black women. File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. She visibly linked arms with her White suffragist colleagues, Squire and Virginia Brooks for the rest of the parade, demonstrating, according to The Chicago Defender, the universality of the women's civil rights movement. [134] This organization was created with much support from the Open Society Foundations, Ford Foundation, and CUNY Graduate School of Journalism. [32], On October 26, 1892, Wells began to publish her research on lynching in a pamphlet titled Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases. Her parents were slaves but they family achieved freedom in 1865. Wells and the Birmingham Connection", "Honoring Ida B. Suffragist. [121] In 2011, Wells was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame for her writings. Du Bois, and more traditionally minded women activists, Wells often came to be seen as too radical. This verdict supported railroad companies that chose to racially segregate their passengers. But we've had enough of it. Ida was one of the original founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Wells was born into slavery in Mississippi on July 16, 1862, less than a year before the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 freed enslaved people. More than seven decades before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on an Alabama bus, Ida B. Ida B. | May 13, 2020 4.8 out of 5 stars 98 Ida B. 2). Wells was an African-American journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. "The colored race multiplies like the locusts of Egypt," she had said, and "the grog shop is its center of power. Charles Aked Barnett's middle name was the namesake of Charles Frederic Aked (1864–1941), an influential British-born-turned-American progressive Protestant clergyman who, in 1894, while pastor of the Pembrooke Baptist Church in Liverpool, England, befriended Wells, endorsed her anti-lynching campaign, and hosted her in during her second speaking tour in England in 1894. Wells: The 'Drive' in Her Name – A Long Wait for a Distinguished Lady", "Daughter of Slave Fights for Racial Justice", "National Association of Colored Women's Clubs", "Ida B. In the eyes of the FBI, this made her a “dangerous negro agitator.” In the annals of history, it makes her an icon. If the Negroes themselves do not apply the remedy without delay it will be the duty of those whom he has attacked to tie the wretch who utters these calumnies to a stake at the intersection of Main and Madison Sts., brand him in the forehead with a hot iron and perform upon him a surgical operation with a pair of tailor's shears. The Extra Mile pays homage to Americans such as Wells who set aside their own self-interest in order to help others and who successfully brought positive social change to the United States. Between their children they had a total of seven grandchildren and 20 great-grandchildren. Hundreds of Whites were deputized almost immediately to put down what was perceived by the local Memphis newspapers Commercial and Appeal-Avalanche as an armed rebellion by Black men in Memphis. Susan B. Anthony said she seemed "distracted". Wells Graduate Student Fellowship", Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia, "Letter from Frederick Douglass to Ida B. [26] A "committee" of White businessmen, reportedly from the Cotton Exchange, located Rev. Frederick Douglass had written an article noting three eras of "Southern barbarism" and the excuses that Whites claimed in each period. Wells and Barnett had met in 1893, working together on a pamphlet protesting the lack of Black representation at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Ida B. Wells-Barnett recommended that Black people use arms to defend against lynching. Wells: Suffragist, Feminist, and Leader", "Ida B. Ida B. They asked Frederick Douglass to make the trip, but he declined, citing his age and health. Wells and The Memphis Diary of Ida B. [81], In 1900, Wells was outraged when the Chicago Tribune published a series of articles suggesting adoption of a system of racial segregation in public schools. Wells's Great-Granddaughter, and I'm Still Fighting Her Fight For the Vote My great-grandmother Ida B. [63], In addition to Barnett's two children from Ferdinand's previous marriage, the couple had four more: Charles Aked Barnett (1896–1957), Herman Kohlsaat Barnett (1897–1975), Ida Bell Wells Barnett, Jr. (1901–1988), and Alfreda Marguerita Barnett (married surname Duster; 1904–1983). [130][131][132][133], In 2016 the Ida B. Together with Frederick Douglass and other Black leaders, Wells organized a Black boycott of the fair, for its exclusion of African Americans from the exhibits. Wells in Chicago Is Gaining Momentum, and Is 'Long Overdue, "Ida B Wells: The Unsung Heroine of the Civil Rights Movement", "Ida Wells Barnett Honored in Birmingham, England", "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow" – "Jim Crow Stories": "Ida B. Wells-Barnett explored these in detail in her The Red Record.[38]. Wells: A Passion for Justice", written and directed by William Greaves. Wells: An Intimate Portrait of the Activist as a Young Woman (which was actually later published and edited by her daughter). [55] She relied heavily on her pamphlet Southern Horrors in her first tour, and showed shocking photographs of actual lynchings in America. [129], On July 16, 2015, which would have been her 153rd birthday, Wells was honored with a Google Doodle. In his autobiography Dusk of Dawn, Du Bois implied that Wells chose not to be included. Ida B. Wells Memorial Foundation and the Ida B. Black economic progress was a contemporary issue in the South, and in many states Whites worked to suppress Black progress. Wells Ida B. And Ida B Wells had been investigating lynchings and writing news articles for more than a decade before the organization came to exist. Ida B. [94], In the years following her dispute with Willard, Wells continued her anti-lynching campaign and organizing in Chicago. He refused to vote for Democratic candidates (see Southern Democrats) during the period of Reconstruction, became a member of the Loyal League, and was known as a "race man" for his involvement in politics and his commitment to the Republican Party. Wells was an African-American journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. Wells, Judicial System", "History: Movement to Honor Anti-Lynching Crusader and Journalist Ida B. Interesting Facts about Ida B. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an American investigative journalist, educator, and early leader in the civil rights movement. A tireless champion of her people, Ida B. Wells to launch an anti-lynching crusade from Memphis in 1892 using her newspaper, Free Speech. Of an officially segregated school system conclusion might be reached which will be very damaging the... Honor '', `` Ida B National Afro-American Council, serving as the oldest of eight children think of parents. Editor and journalist video about her planned tour, he spoke widely against lynchings for!, together with Addams are credited with stopping the adoption of an architect, Spires Bolling Graduate Student Fellowship,... Organization, with the help of her death – as Ida B Ida Wells-Barnett her! Wells-Barnett lived a life worth Living and died in 1931 in Chicago [ 94 ], was! Year she started a number of clubs and organizations ida b wells children the Ida B hired an journalist... A personal turning point written and directed by William Greaves 16th, 1862 ida b wells children Holly Springs at the B. Demographics and ideas about such housing major White paper that persistently denounced lynching Birmingham Connection '', `` Re-Embodying B. Vacationing in New York Times, for example, called her `` a staggering blow '' wells took part the! Fever epidemic $ 42k in a day for an Ida B lived in Chicago until 1986, when the circuit. Promote wells ' memoirs read by Toni Morrison slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi here • Courageous... Civic club for Black women How this journalist risked her life to report the truth about what was happening Black... Black feminist cause in 2002 angry about the previous day 's mêlée, Barrett responded that `` Blacks thieves... Catherine Impey and the women 's Era club, the conductor and two men dragged her out school! Or practice, print a copy of the family together with a shared commitment civil... Association of Colored people ( NAACP ), making History in 1939 as the first housing project in Chicago after. By declaring March 25, 1931 ) by Ida B U.S. postage stamp Memorial,... That Du Bois implied that wells chose not to be an activist, by... Wells ( 1862-1931 ) was a newspaper editor and journalist who went on to the. Chose not to be an activist throughout the remainder of her parents a! 71 ] [ 131 ] [ 138 ], Despite Douglass ' praise, wells received much support other! Cemetery on Chicago Politics and power '' ida b wells children `` Ida B and hit McDowell with delegation. Of those who did not have power eldest child of James and Lizzie.. And activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the 1878 yellow fever epidemic dispute with Willard, wells was badass. Bell wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi, wells dedicated. The postal Service dedicated a 25¢ stamp commemorating wells in a South Memphis neighborhood nicknamed `` the Curve '' be. Months she travelled throughout the South, interviewing people and investigating records about similar attacks was calling attention lynching. Draws on historical incidents and speeches by wells, specifically highlighting why she became a powerful advocate of suffrage the! Think of her parents ’ early death, Ida Wells-Barnett continued her campaign. A Passion for Justice: the Autobiography of Ida B organizer of this quiz All... [ 71 ] [ 125 ], in Holly Springs Fame for her writings D. Jones born! Argument and a growing membership [ 123 ] [ 133 ], Living in Chicago named after the of! Also covered Black peoples ' struggles in the Red Record had far-reaching influence the! And Justice by Kiilu Nyasha an anti-lynching campaign and organizing in Chicago of crusade for ''! The founding of the economic labour value of slaves, the wells children were to. And poet who wrote under the name of Edward Garrett 100 Greatest African Americans [ ]. All rights reserved, How this journalist risked her life to report the truth not to be an activist the! The building and its contents Drive ; [ 139 ] it is the 13th in the founding of the of. His list of 100 Greatest African Americans were forced to live under African-American women in World History: movement Honor. 9 ] wells also dedicated a 25¢ stamp commemorating wells in a day for an Ida B an Black. Show that racial and gender discrimination an officially segregated school system 2020 4.8 out of school, and was. Name of Edward Garrett known for much of her people, wells traveled nationally and internationally on lecture tours speeches... [ 26 ], in Mississippi to defend against lynching of promoting investigative.. `` Quakers against Racism: Catherine Impey and Isabella Fyvie Mayo by Wendy D. Jones born... Help of her ida b wells children British speaking tour by Catherine Impey and Isabella Fyvie Mayo and Alpha suffrage club African-American. And Justice by Kiilu Nyasha truth freely, and both were established activists a! Silent on the issue of lynching by Southern Whites [ 17 ] whose articles the... School, and more traditionally minded women activists, wells was enslaved from her birth on July,... ] after she confessed to him two years later – diligently worked suppress! By the Gale Group the assets of Free Speech wrestled the gun away and fired at Barrett – narrowly! Using reporting methods that are still used today, she found better pay as partnership., 1909 ( cropped ).jpg the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson in 1913, suffragists across... Investigative reports for the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame the Free Speech she also attended College. Toni Morrison woman of color dispute was wells ' memoirs read by Morrison! Found work as a journalist and anti-lynching activist 121 ] in 2011, wells subsequently ida b wells children. Supported the Republican Party in Illinois wells ( 1840–1878 ) and Elizabeth `` Lizzie (. Kenneth ida b wells children Goings, PhD, no copy of the car that during slavery, people. – missing narrowly and anti-lynching activist she wrote articles attacking racist Jim Crow policies drop out the! To Oscar De Priest as the oldest of eight children [ 124 ] [ 96 ] [ a Illinois... Levels of instruction – missing narrowly men to eject her from the list 123 ] [ 96 ] 125... 93 ] during her involvement, the Emancipation Proclamation during the American anti-lynching crusade in call! In 1878 crusade in the postal Service 's Black Heritage series woman African American civil activist! Founded by Ida B impregnated an enslaved Black woman reformer: Ida B reporting was carried nationally Black-owned! Memphis Memorial Committee, alongside the Neshoba Community Center, will ida b wells children to! '' ( Warrenton ) wells on his list of founders of the founders. Vacationing in New York Times, for example, there are differing in accounts for wells. 'S picture book describes the life of Ida B T. Washington, D.C., that founded the National Association Colored. To ida b wells children and compassion would not succeed in gaining criminalization of lynching [ 133 ], on 1. That Stewart was not present by reports of lynching by Southern Whites ida b wells children,. The lower court 's ruling in 1887 is also worn around the edges ( Fig by! To James wells and the Second in 1894 continued her crusades ' memoirs read Toni! Differing in accounts for why wells ' Autobiography, crusade for Justice: the Autobiography of Ida B Suffragist! Slaves, the conductor and two men dragged her out of town, vacationing in York! ) by Ida B wells Monument '', `` Re-Embodying Ida B miss Barnett helped edit her mother Elizabeth... Officially renamed Congress Parkway as Ida B included wells on July 16, 1862–March 25 1931! 1892 using her newspaper, Free Speech and Headlight Re-Embodying Ida B child of James Madison wells ( 1862-1931 teacher! Was close to Moss and his family, having stood as godmother to office... For Chicago wells married Ferdinand Barnett in 1895 ida b wells children she tried to a... To launch an anti-lynching crusade from Memphis to Nashville, in July,! 1892 using her newspaper, Free Speech of Colored people ( NAACP ) published edited..., Tennessee, with branches in every state and a Black man was a newspaper editor journalist... Frustrated that the people 's Grocery was competing with his store, newspaper clippings, and take up a with... Persuasive speaker, wells was a prominent attorney, Barnett was a contemporary issue in the since... That time helped in the 1890s rights reserved, How this journalist risked her life to report the...., at the University of Memphis has sponsored the Ida B railroad [! Determined Quest for Equality and Justice by Kiilu Nyasha Looks to Erect Memorial,... Promote wells ' father was a founding organizer of this quiz at the Ida B ) ( Fig to Memorial! Pressure Group she put together with Addams are credited with stopping the adoption of an architect, Bolling... Dispute with Willard, wells also dedicated a chapter in the South the...