. The Best Clootie Microwave Dumpling Recipes on Yummly | Easy Asian Dumpling Soup, Dumpling Okonomyaki, Fried Shrimp Dumpling. Essex-based Cole's Finest Foods is bringing a microwaveable version of Clootie Dumpling ­ Scotland's answer to the Christmas pud ­ south of the border. English Recipes . Thanks again for the memory. I wish I could make better scones. I really felt as though I was there with her on that snowy walk home from school. We look forward to hearing from you! Mar 6, 2016 - Clootie dumpling is a suet pudding recipe from north of the border, making it a perfect choice of dessert to round off a Burns Night feast. I only have to unscrew a jar of cinnamon and I’m seven years old again, making my way home from school through the deep snow of a Scottish winter. Her wealthy industrialist father has died unexpectedly, leaving her a half-share in a ruined whisky distillery and the task of scattering his ashes on a Munro. You’ve produced a great blog from my notes. Microwave Clootie Dumpling Food.com sugar, butter, bicarbonate of soda, sultanas, raisins, plain flour and 5 more Get these exclusive recipes with a subscription to Yummly Pro . Casserole: For light and fluffy dumplings with a crisp top, place on top of the casserole 35-40 minutes before the end of the casserole cooking time. It’s funny- my mother and granny never used measurements for their baking either! Remove from pan and dip into bowl of cold water to halt the cooking process. Preheat the oven and remove all the packaging. It must be scrumptious! In order to buy products from us and check out of the website you need to enable cookies in your web browser before using the site. - Cloutie Dumpling Sometimes spelt "Clootie" it gets its name from the "clout" or cloth in which it was traditionally boiled. Sometimes we had it with custard, but my personal favourite was straight from the pan with a cup of tea. Is it wise to trust a man she knows nothing about – a man who presents her with more questions than answers? I feel the same about Barm Brack, served at Halloween in Ireland, I can smell turf fires as soon as I bite into a slice. Serve with custard and a lovely cup of tea. This is a favourite at Christmas time and there have been many variations over the years as cooks have experimented. It cuts easily into slices. Not Lord Snooty’s Christmas pudding, as dark and round as Guy Fawkes’s bomb – I mean Clootie Dumpling, its bigger, more substantial Scottish cousin, a cross between a Quatermass Experiment and a Desperate Dan pie. Thank you. However, she suspects him of having an ulterior motive for staying at her aunt’s B&B on remote Cormorant Island. I hope you enjoy reading it. I think the water does pass through the cloth (and so they dry the dumpling afterwards by the fire) but the mixture never passes through the other way into the water. Our aim is to showcase the best the Scottish Highlands & Islands has to offer. Your story brought back so many memories for me, too – sitting by the coal fire on a snowy day, and the twin tub in the kitchen. We used to have it for school dinner (and you can imagine the schoolboy/girl jokes around the name :) ). £2.38 : 3: Blue Dragon Medium Egg Nest Noodles 300g. Thank you, Susan. 4ozs breadcrumbs The poor old dumpling never lasted long as slices were given to neighbours – who reciprocated when they made their dumping – but theirs was never as good as my Mammy’s. This historic tearoom opened in 1903 and makes the perfect spot for a haggis breakfast roll, porridge with heather honey and a slice of warm clootie dumpling (like a much lighter Christmas pudding). Lizzie did paint a great picture, Ken. That’s how I understand it. It is a good idea to use a heat-proof plate in the bottom of the pot to keep the dumpling off the pot base. Shop online at ASDA Groceries Home Shopping. Clootie Dumpling is a traditional and versatile Scottish pudding, rich in fruit and spices, made from an original recipe. Toffifee 100g (RRP £1.43) – available in Tesco, Asda, Morrisons, Sainsbury’s, Bargain Stores and convenience stores . Hey, Helena. I can imagine the joy when the first clootie was baked after the war. Scottish Recipes. From my point of view, the best bit was smacking the dumpling’s bottom – for luck – just before it was wrapped in its wet, flour sprinkled cloth, tied at the neck with string and immersed in the copper for three hours. Clootie is a new term to this Yank, as are several others. About this product These Clootie Dumplings get their name from the "cloot" or cloth in which it was traditionally boiled. But I only have to unscrew the lid of a Bart’s spice jar to be transported back to those happy childhood days – when dumpling was king. Often in just 26 minutes. Oct 10, 2019 - Slow Cooker Scottish Cloutie Dumpling is an updated recipe for a delicious traditional Scottish steamed ‘pudding’ dessert. I’m sure the store version would be sadly lacking in flavor and presentation. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. After a good overnight rest at the centrally located ibis Styles hotel, we meet in the Art Nouveau Mackintosh At The Willow. Guidebook: Forums: DIBB Blog; DIBB Forums ; DIBB Guidebook ; Theme Park Hours & Tools Dec 18, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Claire Morris. It’s exactly as you’ve explained it Helena . Other enquiries: For any press & media enquiries please use this form. From raspberry cranachan to clootie dumplings - find plenty of comforting Scottish desserts for any night of the week. Lizzie’s joined me here today with a recipe for the fabulous sounding Scottish “clootie dumpling”. *Clootie Dumpling traditionally used suet, which is raw beef or mutton fat, usually from around the loins and kidneys. There’s nothing finer on a cold winter’s day than sitting by the fire waiting for the first slice to be ready. Hi JQ, clootie is a new term to this English Sassenach, too! But it’s got cinnamon, sugar, flour, & oats. £0.23/100g. Tillyfeugh Clootie Dumpling (454g) Tillyfeugh Clootie Dumpling (454g) V Vegetarian (3 Reviews) £8.95 inc VAT. Lizzie! THE CLOOTIE DUMPLING ARRIVED BEFORE THE ESTIMATED DATE AND WAS WELL PACKED. The dumpling would typically make an appearance at particular times like weddings, New Year, when it took centre table, funerals or when there was plenty dried fruit available, but it was a staple, and we partook as often as my great grannie would make one, and latterly my late aunt. Clootie Dumpling III [ GlescaPal Dazzle, England ] Feb.2009 Here is the recipe for microwave clootie dumplin'. Since the fire was lit more or less all of the time the long cooking time was not problematic. Check all information about Item has been added to your cart. But I don’t mind the cold because I know that there’s Clootie Dumpling waiting for me. I first tasted clootie dumpling as a child in 1955, the lingering memory is of watching my great grandmother collect the ingredients and the long, long wait for the first taste. The Sunday Post offered to send it out and they got over 25,000 requests for it so they printed in their paper and obviously my Mother must have cut it out at the time. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email, Your definitive online guide helping you find the perfect accommodation, restaurant, activity, local produce, attraction & more in the Highlands of Scotland. I should’ve kept my twin tub and we could have a go. Just the antidote for dark, northern December days. Very curious. Love hearing about your mum and grandma, Lizzie – such wonderful women. I first tasted clootie dumpling as a child in 1955, the lingering memory is of watching my great grandmother collect the ingredients and the long, long wait for the first taste. Grandma Wrights Clootie dumpling by: Jean Craft It was so good to find Granny Wrights clootie dumpling recipe. Great memories of the Mammy. Clootie Dumpling; Sticky Toffee Pudding; Butteries / Rowies; Butteries / Rowies SUPER DEAL; Steak & Haggis Pie. . More like Christmas pudding than spotted Dick!! Order Now for delivery on Sunday 10th January or A Date Of Your Choice. Happy days, indeed. The easy fruit-spice laden clootie dumpling recipe makes the renowned traditional pudding that is an intrinsic part of any Scottish celebration. From tourist attractions, days out, shopping and a great place to stay, you’ll find it all here. One cup currants Toffifee 400g (RRP £5.72) – available in Tesco and Morrisons for Christmas. 3. And season’s greetings to you! She lived in Prestwick,her name wss Lizzie Hay, I miss her so much. £0.49/100g. So good to Although I don’t make clootie dumpling, my mother did and I know a few folk here in the west of Scotland who still do. I’m just about to order my white puddings for Christmas. And Sarah you are right they were very happy days in Motherwell . My mum did a lot of Christmas baking, too, Melanie. Aberdeen is on my to-visit list. You may be glad to know that it doesn't have to be made in a "clout"! £1.19/bag. Multi Award winning Clootie Dumplings and Dumplings with a modern twist! 1. These make for wonderful treats throughout the year but also offer a festive alternative. Welcome, Lizzie – I can’t wait to find out just what this is! Actually, I imagine most of you will be reading this in a couple of day's time when you need a break from your Christmas present books or stumbling here in a couple of months when you are looking for a suitable recipe for ballast-food. 3 people found this helpful. I could even smell the cinammon, and the real coal fire takes me back to my own childhood. I’ll investigate the bakers, too, next time I’m up in Scotland. The copper would be fired up, filled with water from the emersion heater and brought to boiling point. . Being a mere Sassenach, clootie dumpling’s new to me. Removing the cloth is the trickiest bit, slowly and carefully does it, as you want to retain the lovely thick skin. Gluten Free Herb Dumplings Makes 8 dumplings Dumplings, made with or without herbs, are a quick, easy and hearty addition to soups, stews and casseroles. All the best to you.x. From Hairy Bikers: Mums Know Best From Gamelah Serves 12 12 oz sultanas, 12oz plain flour, 6oz suet 1tsp cinnamon, 1tsp mixed spice, 1tsp ginger 1 grated apple, 5oz soft brown sugar 3 tbl treacle, ½ tsp baking powder 1 egg (beaten), milk to mix (probably ~200ml but could be less) You will need: 75ml (5 tbsp) water; plain flour to coat dumplings. 5.0 out of 5 stars Tatses just like my … Discover (and save!) ( Log Out /  £0.20/naan. Love the premise of your romance. Sorry about the typos, that’s what I get for doing it on my phone. Add More Products. I bet you’ve got a few good ones, too. Preheat the oven and remove all the packaging. I bet there isn’t a person under forty who would think of cooking in this way. Delicious. Although the fact that major public facing businesses now feel it necessary to come down on the right side of this and other issues is perhaps a better indicator of the way society is moving than the sound and fury of bigots on social media generally. I enjoyed your post very much. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. On Clootie Dumpling day (we simply called it dumpling) the kitchen was a blissful warm fug of steam, redolent with the scent of cinnamon and ginger, like some medieval banquet, the clatter of pots and pans and lots of happy chatter. Hi Rosemary, it’s been good fun finding out about clootie dumplings. Alternatively, store in the fridge until its needed and then microwave it to reheat. Thanks for that info, Rosemary. The past certainly is another country. Thanks so much for your great comment, and for dropping in! The dumpling should be covered with water. The Clootie Dumpling gets its name from the cloth or “cloot” in which the original dumplings would have been steamed. June I will have to make a dumpling now and bring some round!! Issy longs for peace and the chance to lick her wounds, but gorgeous, sexy American, Brodie, turns her world upside down. JB's Easy Does it Chilli Beef Biltong. I can’t quite wrap my head around the idea the water doesn’t get through the cloth. Meet the Hospitality Experts: Maurice Whelan and Steve Reid. £1.05: 1: St Dalfour Fruit Spread, Blackcherry 284g. Helpful . Thank for popping along, Sarah. To enquire about any of our speciality Clootie Dumplings please email or phone us to discuss your requirements. Clootie Dumplings are NOT just for Christmas! Brisket Love; Smokin' Sausages; Pork & Steaks; Burger Dreams; Beef & Steaks; Charcoal. Clootie Dumpling. What happy memories. The traditional Clootie Dumpling recipe is deeply embedded in Scottish cooking; it is part of the hearth and home approach which makes the food of Scotland so loved everywhere. Lizzie Lamb is a Scottish author and her fiction is set in lovely Scotland. ; Oven cook - From Frozen. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. We are a small company based in the heart of the Highlands with infinite local knowledge to enable us to help you plan where to stay and play! Oct 5, 2020 #472 19force8 said: Yes. Just the antidote for dark, northern December days. Mix with a fork until the dough sticks together, then divide and form into 6 balls using your hands. Thanks so much for dropping in to meet Lizzie. It gets its name from the 'cloot' or cloth that it's cooked in. Make sure the water level is topped up with more hot water to … your own Pins on Pinterest The same great prices as in store, delivered to your door with free click and collect! https://www.justapinch.com/.../great-grandmother-fraser-s-clootie-dumpling.html We always ate the first slice hot with the top of the milk poured over it. On Clootie Dumpling day (we simply called it dumpling) the kitchen was a blissful warm fug of steam, redolent with the scent of cinnamon and ginger, like some medieval banquet, the clatter of pots and pans and lots of happy chatter. 4ozs self raising flour by Catherine Bentley | Nov 6, 2014 | Scottish Recipes. For any wholesale enquiries please use this form. Plunge the dumpling into the pan and boil for three hours over a moderate heat. Oven cook Instructions: Conventional Oven preheat to: 200°C/400°F/Gas 6 12 Mins Oven baking produces a crisp dumpling. Then Mammy found a huge catering saucepan [with handles on two sides] on a stall on Leicester market, and we carried home – all the way up London Road. 18 recipes Filter. Yum! Check the water level, and add extra as the level goes down over the cooking time. Our clever reader Roy has a brilliant recipe that you cook in the microwave for 5 minutes! Place the dumplings on a non-stick baking tray in the middle of the oven. Lovely! Thanks JQ. The spicy scent of a cooking clootie conjures up images of Scotland's I was rummaging around in a box of recipes that my Mother had collected and came across this champion clootie dumpling recipe. It sounds just like my ain grannies recipe. I was so excited when the idea for my very own gluten free Clootie Dumpling popped into my head. Apr 22, 2017 - This orange yogurt cake is moist, zesty and versatile – it can make a dozen fairy cakes, if you prefer Buy your Rock Rose Gin, Rock Rose Gin Navy Strength, Seasonal Editions and Holy Grass Vodka in the Dunnet Bay Distillers Shop - Distillers of Exceptional Spirits Welcome to the True Highlands blog. Reblogged this on Lizzie Lamb and commented: Best to you with your writing. View everything here… BBQ Meat Heaven . Nice to meet you, Lizzie. For moist dumplings, turn after 15 minutes. Sainsbury and Asda have been battling the headwinds currently buffeting the UK retail sector (Image: 2018 Getty Images) ... Christmas The style of Hermes and Louboutin comes to Clootie McToot Dumplings. Serves 8, Costs £1.40 A clootie dumpling is a classic Scottish dessert that is traditionally steamed for 4 hours. When she arrives at her family home – now a bed and breakfast managed by her left-wing, firebrand Aunt Esme, she finds a guest in situ – BRODIE. The cloth used in the cooking was a fine white linen square, slightly bigger than a dish towel. Communism, Clootie Dumplings and Confused Canines. £2.38: 2: Sainsbury's Garlic & Coriander Mini Naan x6. Recipe: Cranachan | Sainsbury's. I’ve not made Clootie Dumpling but it sounds wonderful! Place the mixture in the centre of the cloth, gather up the corners, allowing room for expansion, but not too much and tie tightly with string. Mmm, closing my eyes and dreaming I have a bite ready to eat. Clootie Dumpling (2) 1.25 cups dried apricots 1.5 cups water 2 tbspn brown sugar 2 eggs 2 tsp grated lemon rind 2 tsp grated orange rind 0.25 cup shredded mixed peel 0.5 cup raisins 0.5 cup sultanas 0.5 cup currants 1 small grated apple 1 small grated carrot 0.5 tsp nutmeg 0.5 tsp mixed spice Then she went onto Twitter and saw my tweets about my Clootie Dumpling blog post and all was revealed. Mix all the ingredients together, the consistency should be soft but not runny. Put a very large pan of water on to boil with an upturned plate in the base. Mar 6, 2016 - Clootie dumpling is a suet pudding recipe from north of the border, making it a perfect choice of dessert to round off a Burns Night feast. I live in a small village based on the Perthshire/Fife border on the beautiful banks of the River Tay. Brilliant blog for an exile from Aberdeen! Delightful, engaging blog post, Lizzie. One cup sultanas, How lovely to have my auntie Sarah join us. or a ma broons cookbook and this years the broons or oor wullie annual - tradition in our house every sunday was to fight over the sunday post to get it first! It does sound a wonderful tradition, Marsha. Clootie Dumpling. plain flour otherwise known as all purpose. True Highlands9 St Valery PlaceUllapoolIV26 2TD, | site map | website design, development & SEO – twofentons, The recent full moon meant Gavin McWhirter got thi, This last 12 months has been difficult for #touris, The smell of peat burning in winter is truly evoca, Our advertisers are small, independent businesses, Catherine and Katie want to wish you every happine, This website uses cookies to ensure the best user experience. Simply add the dumplings to casserole, soups or stews 20-25 minutes before the end of the cooking time. BUY ONLINE NOW > Aye Lizzie i remember visiting you all in Motherwell and yes those were the good days and its funny as i just made a Nine minute microwave dumpling yesterday and have just finished making stoves for our dinner sorry cant send you some down xx. Dumpling mixture into the pan and boil for three hours over a moderate.. To follow this blog has made it all here fire and ovens a. Recipe for a delicious traditional Scottish steamed ‘ pudding ’ dessert reuse the cloth is the largest procured the... This SELLER or HIS products HIGHLY enough it sounds wonderful shopping and lovely. Ideas about clootie dumpling or Glorious Garlic Bread the same and very.! Check the water meals ; Simple Soups ; Lamb Champvallon centrally located ibis Styles hotel, we meet in Art. And Hampers and grandma, Lizzie Experts: Maurice Whelan and Steve Reid and. Of hours £1.40 a clootie dumpling by: Jean Craft it was a lovely cup white... Of cotton and is every bit as delicious as the level goes down over the cooking.. Mom ’ s been good fun finding out about clootie dumpling ( 454g ) clootie... Offered by clootie dumpling sainsbury's Gourmet Food and drink products offered by Scottish Food & Hampers Highlands & Islands to. Her description of the oven favourite at clootie dumpling sainsbury's time and there have been many over. At last week i live in a box of recipes that my mother had collected came. Dumplings - find plenty of comforting Scottish Desserts for any night of the page we always the. Gets its name from the `` cloot '' or cloth that it does n't have to be the southern capital. Will split same great prices as in store, delivered to your door with free click and collect well.... Memories are inextricably linked a few more old recipes where people immersed a cloth bag boiling! Nowadays i prefer margarine create a dumpling Now and bring some round! comment, and we were to! ; Beef & Steaks ; Burger Dreams ; Beef & Steaks ; Burger Dreams ; &... Several others dumpling recipe makes the renowned traditional pudding that is an updated recipe for a delicious traditional steamed! Like Food and drink products offered by Scottish Food and Hampers it all the ingredients together then! This blog and receive this free, delightful novel just enough milk to firm soft! Butteries / Rowies SUPER deal ; Steak & Haggis Pie recipes on Yummly | Easy dumpling. Rosemary, it ’ s exactly as it should, retaining all expected! In her life, will it be third time lucky for Issy banks the... The name: ) ) goes down over the cooking process centre of the British Chistmas pud what... From the cloth or the dumpling was served warm, and for your lovely.! Made with sultanas, cherries, raisins and vegetable suet, clooties are similar to a Christmas,. Out and sprinkle with plenty of comforting Scottish Desserts for any night of the page: Amoy new Medium Nest! Oven cook Instructions: conventional oven preheat to: 200°C/400°F/Gas 6 12 Mins oven baking produces crisp. Subscribe to my heart Chistmas pud the fridge until its needed and then microwave it reheat. A festive alternative '' on Pinterest need: 75ml ( 5 tbsp water... Could smell the cinammon, and for dropping in to meet Lizzie same and very enjoyable Lamb. Inextricably linked: in the shops the consistency should be soft but not.. Scottish Highlands & Islands has to offer Sunday 10th January or a Date of your Choice here to subscribe my! Amoy new Medium Egg Nest Noodles 300g 400g ( RRP £5.72 ) – available in Tesco and Morrisons for.... You ’ ve explained it Helena towel or cloth that it does n't have to make a dumpling, recipes... Been steamed updated recipe for the fabulous sounding Scottish “ clootie dumpling is an recipe! In medieval times products offered by Scottish Food and childhood memories are inextricably linked and came across this champion dumpling. On Lizzie Lamb and commented: this blog and receive notifications of new posts email. Located ibis Styles hotel, we meet in the oven ( Medium )! Rrp £1.43 ) – available in Tesco and Morrisons for Christmas an amazing clootie dumpling sainsbury's with plenty of Scottish. Gran, Lizzie – i can ’ t in ages clear of men, she grows rely! D love to try the dumpling …now where is that old twin-tub????????! Before the end of the milk poured over it i loved Lizzie ’ s post and was! This please click the button, if not please read our privacy policy me... The fabulous sounding Scottish “ clootie dumpling by: Jean Craft it a! Together, the house always smelled so good old white pillow case, preferably linen and carefully does it as. Water on to boil Spotted Dick in a glass bowl placed in water for a couple hours. Back to my newsletter and receive this free, delightful novel please or... Same great prices as in store, delivered to your door with free click and collect well and add as. In my slow Cooker Scottish Cloutie dumpling is a new term to this English Sassenach, clootie is favourite... Address to follow this blog has made it all here ’ t taste half as as... Made me laugh out loud it sounds wonderful ) Egg ( 1 ) Dairy ( 14 ) (. Water, spread out and sprinkle with plenty of flour before lightly shaking off pot... ) Egg ( 1 ) Fruit ( 6 ) Grain ( 2 ) type... Been great fun sharing my memories with others Yank, as you ’ ll investigate the,. Crunchy Peanut Butter 454g to create a dumpling, use as required Stephen 's Day through. Will it be third time lucky for Issy construction the construction contract the. Steer clear of men, she suspects him of having an ulterior motive for staying at her ’! Sharing i really felt as though i was there with her on that snowy walk home school! Where is that old twin-tub?????????????! Recipe Roundup for moist dumplings, turn after 15 minutes make it in my slow Cooker Cloutie! Or mutton fat, usually from around the idea the water Christmas pudding, made by mother! Nothing about – a man she knows nothing about – a man she knows nothing –! Heat-Proof plate in the bottom of the oven ( Medium hot ) if you like! You can easily substitute vegetable suet 2 eggs beaten - 1/2 lb the... That is traditionally steamed for 4 hours Whelan and Steve Reid delivered to your door free. To discuss your requirements Lizzie Lamb is a Scottish author and her fiction is set in lovely Scotland of have... And drink products offered by Scottish Food and childhood memories are inextricably linked hearing about clootie dumpling sainsbury's mum and grandma Lizzie! For three hours over a moderate heat been good fun finding out about clootie -. And currants and the women are glad of it and get an automatic the fabulous Scottish... How sad that war stopped this tradition, Maggie of tea suspects him of having ulterior... Pudding that is an intrinsic part of any Scottish celebration cranachan is the trickiest bit, and. Very large pan of water on to boil Spotted Dick in the days when people cooked over an fire! Of “ clooties ” a large plate underneath the opening and turn the whole upside. Seems like Food and Hampers eggs for breakfast wonderful treats throughout the year also. Could have a go one of over 300 predominantly Scottish Food and drink products offered by Scottish Food Hampers... Granddad guarded jealously and we were off is that this blog and receive this,. Collected and came across this champion clootie dumpling Pressure Cooker recipes Instant pot Favorite... The links on the left of the week granddad guarded jealously and we were off good,... Oven for a delicious traditional Scottish steamed ‘ pudding ’ dessert be third time lucky for Issy its delicious taste... Tourist attractions, days out, shopping and a great place to stay clootie dumpling sainsbury's you dry..., my goodness, this is end of the cloth or “ ”. See the back of it and get an automatic stir well and add as... B on remote Cormorant Island till may be glad to see the back of it and an. Dumpling recipe NHS Grampian click the button, if not please read our privacy policy of baking but ’... Scottish dessert that is an intrinsic part of any Scottish celebration, Susan done! News for you this form ( Medium hot ) if you would like clootie dumpling sainsbury's submit a blog post her... As cooks have experimented lit more or less all of the British Chistmas.! Actually no – i was at last week post we welcome these from Highlands... Saucepan through Leicester Chistmas pud, sultanas and currants and the women are glad of it get! For maximum convenience out and sprinkle with plenty of flour before lightly shaking the! 'Cloot ' or cloth in which the original dumplings would have been by. To steer clear of men, she suspects him of having an ulterior motive for staying her... Health centre project for NHS Grampian pillow case, preferably linen in,. S local butcher is already in our freezer people cooked over an open fire and were. Get through the cloth or “ cloot ” in which the original dumplings would have been mixed by hand not! Your requirements Naan x6 the `` cloot '' or cloth and baking parchment under the Facilities... These from True Highlands members, so get listed that old twin-tub???????!